: a walk through the archaeology of Castle Bytham : cinder
There is strong evidence that this part of Lincolnshire was an important
early centre of iron production. Walking back down the hill along
Station Road a small footpath runs downhill towards the castle across
the field known as Cinder Hill.
Much burnt material and slag, residue from the smelting of iron, has
been discovered here. At the bottom of the valley in the field to
the right (known as Pode Hole Field or 'The Poodles'*) is thought
to be the site of a Roman Villa. This interpretation is based on finds
of tessarae (the clay blocks used to make mosaic floors), Roman pottery
nd building materials. The site is recorded as having been excavated
by a local farmer in the 1930's bu the present writer has been unable
to locate any records from this work.
These sites, along with the Domesday Book reference to iron forges,
emphasise the long history of metal working in the parish.
Other early iron working sites in the parish are to be found at Iron
Stone Corner to the north of the village, in Mill Field to the east
of the village and along the banks of the Tham below the castle. In
addition to suitable sources of iron ore in South Kesteven it is thought
that the extensive woodlands in this part of the county would have
been managed for the production of the charcoal necessary for the
* the field name 'Pode Hole' is most often found in wet valley
floors and marshy wet locations. It is thought to relate to a place
where toads and frogs could be found.
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Lincolnshire's rich heritage for the benefit of local people and
The Trust is supported by County
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The text shown on this page has been reproduced from a booklet written
by Dan Ratcliffe, from the Heritage
Trust of Lincolnshire, to accompany a walk around the village
of Castle Bytham which he led as part of the Midsummer
Fair in June 2004.
We are grateful for their permission to reproduce the document on