: a walk through the archaeology of Castle Bytham : castle
lime works quarry
Just behind the railway line is the Castle
Lime Works Quarry - a designated Site of Special Scientific Interest.
Preserved in the quarry face is a complete record of the Upper Lincolnshire
Limestone formation. The rich ammonite fossils it contains provide
the dating evidence for strata that formed in warm shallow seas during
the Middle Jurasic period about 170 million years ago.
During the digging of the quarry in the 1850's there were two significant
archaeological discoveries - a 'barbed and tanged' arrowhead from
the Bronze Age (220-750BC) and a Saxon burial.
The Saxon burial was richly provided with grave goods now held in
the collections of the Cambridge
University Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. The collection
includes: a silver gilt annular (ring shaped) brooch set
with four garnets and highly decorated; a bronze pennanular
(broken ring) brooch; a bronze ring and pin; over 20 green and blue
glass beads; and 2 pendants - one fashioned from a large beavers tooth
and one made from jet with 2 perforations.
Unfortunately for archaeologists these discoveries were made during
the mid-nineteenth century when archaeological practice was in its
infancy and the context of these discoveries was destroyed forever
with the quarrying of the site.
View of Castle Lime Works Quarry as it is today (March
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is an independent charitable trust working to promote and enhance
Lincolnshire's rich heritage for the benefit of local people and
The Trust is supported by County
and District Councils, national heritage bodies and through commercial
activities and sponsorship.
The text shown on this page has been reproduced from a booklet written
by Dan Ratcliffe, from the Heritage
Trust of Lincolnshire, to accompany a walk around the village
of Castle Bytham which he led as part of the Midsummer
Fair in June 2004.
We are grateful for their permission to reproduce the document on